The New York Times has an interesting article on the planned high-speed rail project in central Florida. Earlier this year Florida was given one of the largest chunks of the $8 billion stimulus money to improve passenger rail travel in the US.
Today’s article points out that the route that will benefit from the money–Orlando to Tampa–has some shortcomings. One issue is that the route will only cover a distance of 84 miles. The concern is that the route is too short to take mode share away from planes and rail. It is not a hard and fast science, but generally distances in excess of 200 miles make high-speed rail attractive to travelers. The line between Madrid and Sevilla in Spain (293 miles) contributed to a 50% reduction in auto share and around a 6% reduction in air travel between the two cities.
The other problem is the route itself. The Orlando terminus is the airport–an isolated complex on the southern edge of the city–and the Tampa terminus is downtown. The route will include a stop at the Walt Disney World resort, but will bypass the Tampa airport.
Both Tampa and Orlando have inadequate local public transport systems, which means riders arriving in each city will be faced with significant mobility challenges when they disembark the train. In Orlando the downtown financial and government districts are more than an hour away from the airport station by local (and infrequent) buses.
What this shows is that walkability and land use issues need to be given greater consideration in transportation planning. You will be able to get from Orlando to Tampa quickly, but once you get to your destination you will likely be faced with another mobility challenge.